China and Burma

   (Historical Relations)
   Although southwestern China and Tibet are believed to be the original homelands of most of the present-day inhabitants of Burma, China's impact on the development of Burmese civilization since antiquity has been less important than that of India. However, Chinese expansionism has frequently threatened the independence of Burmese states. The non-Han Chinese state of Nan Chao, located in what is now Yunnan Province, extended its power into the valley of the Irrawaddy River and waged war with the Pyus in the eighth and ninth centuries CE. Only with Nan Chao's decline in power were the Burmans able to establish a strong state at Pagan (Bagan), in the midninth century. In 1253, the Mongol emperor Khubilai Khan conquered Yunnan. Mongol forays hastened the end of the Pagan Dynasty in the late 13th century. Even today, Chinese people are called taiyoke, meaning "Turk," in the Burmese (Myanmar) language, referring to Khubilai's Central Asian-Muslim soldiers.
   In the 17th century, a Manchu (Ch'ing, Qing) army attempting to capture Yong Li, a Ming Dynasty prince, penetrated Burma as far south as Sagaing. Between 1766 and 1769, King Hsinbyushin successfully fought a series of battles against the Ch'ing that were caused by disputes over control of the eastern Shan States. A Chinese punitive force led by a son-in-law of the emperor approached the Burmese capital of Ava (Inwa) but was defeated, and Hsinbyushin's military commander, Maha Thiha Thura, agreed to the Treaty of Kaungton in 1770. The treaty, a face-saving measure for the humiliated Manchus, committed the Burmese king to sending tribute missions to Beijing every 10 years in recognition of the superior status of the Chinese emperor. Thereafter, the China-Burma border region became stable. Following the formal British annexation of Upper Burma in 1886, Britain and China signed a border treaty that later was significantly revised with the signing of a new border demarcation agreement by the independent Union of Burma and the People's Republic of China in 1961.
   During World War II, Chinese Nationalist (Kuomintang/ Guomindang) troops participated in Allied operations against the Japanese. Since the People's Republic of China was established in 1949, the incursion of Kuomintang irregulars into the Shan States, and Beijing's support for a Communist Party of Burma base along the border following the Anti-Chinese Riots of June 1967, have contributed greatly to Burma's instability and provide a major rationalization for the perpetuation of military dictatorship.
   See also Burma Road; Chinese in Burma; Keng Tung; Kokang; Ledo Road; Opium; Sino-Burmese; Was.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • China and the United Nations — Republic of China Membership Former full member Since until …   Wikipedia

  • Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and Burma —    When ASEAN was established in 1967, the original founding member states Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, and the Philippines had pro Western governments and close security ties with the United States and Britain, including American… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • People's Republic of China and weapons of mass destruction — Not to be confused with Republic of China and weapons of mass destruction. Weapons of mass destruction …   Wikipedia

  • China, People's Republic of (PRC), Relations with —    The Union of Burma was the first noncommunist state to extend diplomatic recognition to the People s Republic of China (on December 17, 1949), and it supported Beijing s claim to China s seat in the United Nations. Prime Minister U Nu and… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • China Girl (1942 film) — China Girl Theatrical release poster Directed by Henry Hathaway Produced by Ben Hecht …   Wikipedia

  • Burma–People's Republic of China relations — Sino Burmese relations C …   Wikipedia

  • China Burma India Theater — Part of World War II and Pacific War …   Wikipedia

  • China — • Includes history, government, education, and religion Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. China     China     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Burma — • Before its annexation by the British, Burma consisted of the kingdoms of Ava and Pegu Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Burma     Burma      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • China War Medal (1842) — China War Medal Obverse (t …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.